Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei ~ 1500s
One of the oldest buildings in Brunei is the Tomb of Sultan Bolkiah. Sultan Bolkiah, also known as, Nakhoda Ragam meaning "the singing captian," ruled "between 1485 and 1524. Identified as a seafarer, warrior, and artist" (Brunei-Muara District), Sultan Bolkiah spent large amounts of time at sea, journeyed throughout the entire Southeast, stretched Bruneiís territories, and conquered Sulu and Manila in the Philippines. Sultan Bolkiah was the fifth ruler of Islamic Brunei and his reign is known as the nation's golden age. "Sultan Bolkiah died at sea, and his mausoleum and adjoining cemetery garden grace the banks of the Brunei River" (Brunei-Muara District). This intricate tomb, located in Kota Batu, is carved from hard basaltic stone, and includes bronze and brassware.