Education before the
Before the French colonization, Buddhist
education was the only formal Cambodian education. Its main education
function was the teaching of the Buddhist doctrine, history, and
the importance of gaining merit. The monks who were the teachers
taught the boys - no girls were allowed to study in Buddhist education
- how to read, write in Khmer, and the rudiments of Buddhism.
Buddhist education continued in the French
colonial period (1887-1953). Actually, Preah Sihanouk Raj Buddhist
University was created in 1959 and many students had this form of
education during the academic years (1969-70), where 27,000 students
went to a Buddhist elementary, 1,328 students went to lycées,
French public secondary schools, and 176 went to the Buddhist University.
With Cambodia being colonized, education did change, maybe not so
much in the Buddhist education area, but a lot in the public school
Donald M., Robert K. Headley, Jr., Rinn-Sup Shinn, and Frank Tatu.
Cambodia a Country Study. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing