The Khmer Rouge Army afterwards...
In 1985, the principle leaders of the
Khmer Rouge were recognized to be Khieu Samphan, Ieng Sary, and
Son Sen, but Pol Pot was still in great power behind the scenes.
The Khmer Rouge continued to recruit refugees and peasants. The
NADK, with Son Sen being the chief commander, had a total of 40,000
to 50,000 combatants. With NADK’s strength and the other two
groups Hun Sen, the PRK prime minister at that time wanted to negotiate
with the CGDK about having a four-party coalition government. Sihanouk
seemed to be happy with this, but Khieu Samphan and Son Sann were
not happy. That is one factor prevented Sihanouk and Hun Sen from
meeting. Sihanouk’s first precondition before any negotiation
was the withdrawal of the Vietnamese from Cambodia and that actually
became a condition of the peace plan between the CGDK and Hun Sen.
Even though Son Sann wasn’t that happy, he still announced
his readiness to join the final negotiation on December 21, 1988.
The Khmer Rouge was not part of the negotiation and later departed
away from the CGDK.
Thomas. “Pol Pot’s secrets: the truth about the killing
fields could implicate many.” 7 July 1997. U.S. News &
After Phnom Penh fell, Pol Pot actually
fled to the Thailand-Cambodia border. Pol Pot had many conflicts
with his soldiers and relatives such as his brother-in-law, Ieng
Sary. In 1997, at the age of 69, he suffered from cerebral malaria,
being kept alive only with IV treatments. In the same year Pol Pot
was finally captured by his rebellious guerillas in Northern Cambodia
after Pol Pot ordered the murders of his ex-defense minister, Son
Sen, and his family. Pol Pot’s purpose was to prevent Son
Sen from defecting to the Vietnamese because two of Son Sen’s
relatives had defected already. The soldiers were angered by Son
Sen’s death, and that is how Ta Mok took over, and became
the current Khmer Rouge leader.
Pot on Trial :
In the 1990s, many officials defected
to the Cambodia’s government. In 1996, Ieng Sary, Pol Pot’s
brother-in-law, defected and was granted amnesty. Now, he is currently
a leader of the Pallin enclave, the former Khmer Rouge guerillas.
Then in 1998, Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea, the prime minister of
the Khmer Rouge government defected as well.
Cambodian’s first Prime Minister
Prince Norodom Rananriddh had once asked the United Nations to put
Pol Pot on trial. Even though having the trial in Cambodia seemed
to be natural, the U.S. officials said no because trying him in
Cambodia might turn on tensions between the rival government factions.
Canada, Denmark, and the Netherlands were actually good places to
try Pol Pot because they had laws that could be used. Evidence to
try him was found by the Cambodian Genocide Project funded by the
United States and other Western governments. This project found
thousands of documents of prisoners and killings that were left
behind by the group when they fled during the Vietnamese invasion.
Later, Pol Pot reportedly died of a heart
attack, but some people suspect that he was poisoned by his former
comrades. Pol Pot’s body was then cremated.
Borgna. Who was Who in the Khmer Rouge. 2000-2003. Family Education
Network, Inc. 3 July 2003. <http://print.infoplease.com/spot/khmer2.html>.