The Khmer Rouge Army afterwards...
of Phnom Penh:
During the mid-1975, there were many
border disputes between Vietnam and the Khmer Rouge. In 1977, Vietnam
wanted a negotiation to settle the dispute, but the Khmer Rouge
said no. In December 25, 1978, Vietnam finally launched a full-scale
invasion of the Khmer Rouge, which resulted in little resistance,
and Phnom Penh falling on January 7, 1979. Three days after the
falling of Phnom Penh, Cambodia’s official name became the
People’s Republic of Kampuchea (PRK). Vietnamese President
Heng Samrin came to be the new ruling body. Even though the Khmer
Rouge was defeated, there was still a lot of Khmer Rouge guerilla
resistance in the western and northwestern border areas of Cambodia.
December of 1979 was a big month because
that was when the PFLANK changed its name to the National Army of
Democratic Kampuchea (NADK). December was also when Khieu Samphan
was announced as replacing Pol Pot as the prime minister, but that
did not affect Pol Pot’s position in the Kampuchea Communist
Party (KCP) or his power in the NADK. During the same year, the
Patriotic and Democratic Front of the Great National Union of Kampuchea
(PDFGNUK) was formed. The Khmer Rouge was actually governed under
this group in 1987, but later took over them over.
to Recapture Power :
Besides the Khmer Rouge, there were two
other strong resistance groups against Heng Samrin and the Vietnamese
being in Cambodia. The Khmer Rouge was later united with these two
groups, with the Khmer Rouge being the strongest. This decision
to combine forces, was suggested by the Chinese, who aided the Khmer
Rouge with materials and military arms. On June of 1982, the Coalition
Government of Democratic Kampuchea (CGDK) was formed. The three
partners: the Khmer Rouge, Prince Sihanouk, and Son Sann (Prince
Sihanouk’s former assistant), shared equal powers when at
the same time, they all had a certain degree of freedom. There were
still official positions: Sihanouk was the president, Khieu Samphan
was the vice president responsible for foreign affairs, and Son
Sann was the prime minister.
The CGDK had close relationships with
ambassadorial level people from China, Bangladesh, Egypt, Malaysia,
North Korea, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, and Yugoslavia.
The United Nations also supported the CGDK purpose: opposing the
Vietnamese’s presence in Cambodia. For that reason, the Khmer
Rouge, also named the Democratic Kampuchea, became recognized as
the legal representative of Cambodia in General Assembly even though
it was not meeting statehood criteria: people, government, territory,
and supreme authority within borders.
Donald M., Robert K. Headley, Jr., Rinn-Sup Shinn, and Frank Tatu.
Cambodia a Country Study. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing