searching for food in a survival situation, try and focus your efforts
on foods that are safe, east to identify and find, and nutritious.
Although animal flesh is generally more nutritious, it's best to concentrate
most of your effort on gathering edible plants because they are so
much easier to obtain. It has been reported that there are over 120,000
edible species, and at least a few of these can be found almost anywhere
we provide a few examples of plants and berries to eat in different
environment, how to distinguish them, what part to eat, and how to
areas of the Pacific Northwest
are several species of birch, which can be divided into two groups
white birches and river birches. White birches are slender trees
common to northern forests. Their loose white bark makes them easy
to identify. The main trunk is branchless for several feet, with
a crown of heart shaped leaves overhead. White Birch has a watery,
sweet inner bark that is nutritious and easy to collect. The cambium
layer can be peeled from the tree and chewed, or the sap can be
collected and drunk.
is distributed worldwide and should be familiar to everyone. The
yellow, pink and white flowers can be eaten raw: so can the leaves
and roots. This plant is completely edible. Also, it is easy to
70 species of currants and gooseberries are found in North America.
The important thing to remember is that they all have edible berries.
Currants live in moist, shaded areas, such as along stream banks,
gullies, north facing mountain slopes and shady forests. Some species
have prickly stems others are smooth.
areas of the Pacific Northwest
cacti stand from two to ten feet height and are equipped with thorny
needles. Yellow to pink flowers ring the top. The barrel cactus
is found in most deserts, and the pulp of the plant can be eaten
raw or boiled.
desert or very dry regions this plant is useful for both food and
water. Prickly pears have green, fleshy thorned lobes, which have,
yellow, red, or orange flowers. The fruit of the plant is red to
purple when ripe and can be eaten raw. Depending on the area, the
fruit ripen from late summer to fall.
This desert plant may reach 15 or more feet. High in moisture and
sugar, this plant can represent an important part of a survivor's
tool kit. The base of the plant can be roasted. The stalk can be
cut into segments and the center eaten raw or cooked. The buds and
flowers are also edible, as are the fruits. Agave leaves are fibrous
and are a good source of fiber.
Areas of the Pacific Northwest
types of pine have edible bark on the inside of the woody outer
bark and provide fair levels of nourishment. Some pines that produce
cones also produce nuts. If you were to roast a pine cone in the
fire and then crack it open, many small edible nuts would fall out.
lilies are common near rivers and moist areas and they can normally
withstand cold temperatures. They are one of the first plants to
flower in the spring. The plant is a few inches high; one thin stem
bordered by two smooth, rabbit-eared leaves. The flower hangs down
from the top of the stem, and has tooth like petals that flare outward.
The leaf of the plant can be eaten raw and the seedpods and root
can be eaten as well.