The Vietnam War was an unsuccessful effort by the United States and South
Vietnam to prevent the communist of North Vietnam from taking over South
Vietnam with its communist ways. The war waged on from about 1955 to 1975.
In 1941 a group known as the Viet Minh was organized as a nationalistic
party seeking independence for Vietnamese from France. This party didnt
become open about being communist until mid 1950s. On September
2nd, 1945 Ho Chi Minh, leader of the Viet Minh party, formally declared
independence for Vietnam. The Viet Minh had a powerful base with a good
population of North Vietnamese. The French wanted to stabilize control
in Indochina and only gave Vietnam recognition of being a free state within
the French Union. So in 1946, a war between the Viet Minh and French broke
out. It waged on until 1954 when the French were severely beaten in the
Battle of Dien Bien Phu.
The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) was becoming bigger, but it couldnt slow down the presence of the communist in South Vietnam. In 1962, 11,000 military advisers from the U.S. were authorized to fight if fired upon, while in South Vietnam. By 1965 the U.S. was fully involved in the war due to the strength of the Viet Cong. In end of the year, 1965, The U.S. had 180,000 Americans involved in the war under the command of General William C. Westmoreland. By 1967 the U.S. had 389,000 men in South Vietnam. But the North Vietnamese soldiers were stealthy and hard to find. Thats why the U.S. relied on helicopters for rapid deployment. This is where the Hmong become involved with the war. With so much U.S. air force needed, of course the North was going to try and shoot them down. How was the U.S. to save all of the downed pilots? The Hmong were mostly part of the south, so they were basically allied with the U.S. The Hmong were a great help in the war, for they underwent many rescue missions in order to save these pilots.
The Secret Warriors