The Vietnam War was an unsuccessful
effort by the United States and South Vietnam to prevent the communist
of North Vietnam from taking over South Vietnam with its communist ways.
The war waged on from about 1955 to 1975. In 1941 a group known as the
Viet Minh was organized as a nationalistic party seeking independence
for Vietnamese from France. This party didnt become open about being
communist until the mid 1950s. On September 2nd, 1945 Ho Chi Minh,
leader of the Viet Minh party, formally declared independence for Vietnam.
The Viet Minh had a powerful base with a good population of North Vietnamese.
The French wanted to stabilize control in Indochina and only gave Vietnam
recognition of being a free state within the French Union. So in 1946,
a war between the Viet Minh and French broke out. It waged on until 1954
when the French were severely beaten in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu.
At an international conference in Geneva on 1954, it was decided that
the French would move south of the 17th parallel and the Viet Minh would
move North of it. People moved out of their homes, which way they went
depending on which side they were. Finally the Viet Minh were independent
from the French and possessed the northern half of Vietnam. The southern
non-communist half of Vietnam later became South Vietnam. Ngo Dinh Diem
became Prime Minister of South Vietnam. The Geneva Accords stipulated
that there would be elections in Vietnam to unite the two sides. The North
expected to win, but Ngo Dinh Diem refused to hold the elections. The
United States supported his decision. Since Diem wouldnt cooperate,
the North decided to unify the two sides by military action. Viet Minh
solders were trained to use guerilla warfare, which they did.
Photo de Soldado Americano en combate.
The Army of the Public of Vietnam (ARVN) was becoming bigger, but it couldnt
slow down the presence of the communist in South Vietnam. In 1962, 11,000
military advisers from the U.S. were authorized to fight if fired upon,
while in South Vietnam. By 1965 the U.S. was fully involved in the war
due to the strength of the Viet Cong. In end of the year, 1965, The U.S.
had 180,000 Americans involved in the war under the command of General
William C. Westmoreland. By 1967 the U.S. had 389,000 men in South Vietnam.
But the North Vietnamese soldiers were stealthy and hard to find. Thats
why the U.S. relied on helicopters for rapid deployment. This is where
the Hmong become involved with the war. With so much U.S. air force needed,
of course the North was going to try and shoot them down. How was the
U.S. to save all of the downed pilots? The Hmong were mostly part of the
south, so they were basically allied with the U.S. The Hmong were a great
help in the war, for they underwent many rescue missions in order to save
Soldado Americano agachandose para evitar peligro.