The first step in building your nano reef is to, of course, acquire your tank. (standard
Acquire your sand, light, heater, pump, reverse osmosis/deionizer, marine aquarium salt,
hydrometer, and thermometer.
Pour regular water into your tank.
Dry area around tank using towel, or cloth. Come back in 10 or so minutes to see if the
area is wet. If so, you need a new tank because your current one has a leak. If it is not
wet, continue to step five.
Empty your tank.
Use a dry towel or cloth to dry out the inside of your tank.
Pour 2.5 cups of sand sand into your tank.
Connect your reverse osmosis/deionizer to regular water faucet to cleanse and treat the
water for your aquarium. (Place the the tube of treated water in a bucket and the other
two tubes in the drain)
When the bucket is filled, add about 2 and 1/2 cups of sea-salt. Mix. Use your hydrometer
to measure the specific gravity's of the water. The average should read around 1.024 and
Place a bowl inside of your tank. (This will prevent the sand from stirring up when the
water is added)
Slowly pour your salty water into the bowl which you have placed in your tank. Repeat
until tank is full.
Add your heater, your blower, your light,(if you have one)your hydrometer, and your
Acquire live rock and place in tank. Arrange as you prefer.
Now you have to wait 2 weeks to 1 month for your aquarium to be safe for corals and marine
After your tank has stabilized you are ready to add invertebrates. Invertebrates are
animals without spines likes corals. I suggest a book to see which types of invertebrates
are most suitable for beginners.
After you have added your invertebrates, you can finally add your animals. If you are
using a ten gallon tank, I do not suggest getting a shrimp, or a large fish. Also, do not
get too many different types of fish as some are very aggressive and territorial. I would
suggest a smaller more durable fish such as a Green Banded Gobi. Mushrooms, Xenia,
Zooanthids, Crabs, are great for beginners. Cleanup crews are important as well. You
need snails, and hermits, and possibly some algae eating fish.
Step 17: IMPORTANT!
You should check the temperature in your reef, Everyday. And you should also top
off the water in your reef, Everyday.