My name is Tomas and I own this link for the history
of chess, hope you learn something! Well, not own, just made it....
When was the game of chess invented? This question, often asked,
has acquired a sort of history of its own, stretching from Indian, Persian,
and medieval myth through antiquarian conjectures to something like
a secure foundation in modern Oriental scholarship. A chronological
account of the history of chess from its first invention is impossible,
because no one knows for certain when or where the first invention was,
so the method used here is to look in turn at each of the areas of civilization
associated with its early progress: Islam, Persia, India, and China.
From only one of these cultures, Islam is there a surviving chess literature
which tells us in detail about the rules of the game and how it was played.
It is possible from Arabic sources to reconstruct substantial portions
of treatises written as early as AD 850, the oldest known chess books.
The earliest of these texts can be placed around the year 600.
Before that, there is only archaeology, and conjecture, and references
to other board games which may have anticipated the appeal of chess.
There are different names for the different pieces of chess:
|Firzan or Firz
The Lewis Chessmen on display in the British
Museum, London. 78 of these chessmen were found by a peasant in
a stone chamber on the Island of Lewis in the Northern Hebrides in 1831.
They are believed to have been carved between 1150 and 1170 AD - the most
complete set of ancient chessmen in existence today. Replica Lewis
chessmen are produced by a number of manufacturers.
Modern international chess as it is played today
is a relatively recent invention. The sweeping moves of the queen and the
long reach of the bishops were not elements of the original game. Nor were
such maneuvers as castling or capturing en passant. On the other hand, the
moves of the remaining pieces are nearly identical to those of their ancient
Moreover, there are other forms of chess still
being played today which, while not so widespread geographically as western
chess, are yet played by significant numbers of people. Indeed, the variety
of chess played in China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan can claim as many, if
not more, players as its western counterpart. Japan's chess, significantly
different from both the western and Chinese versions, also claims players
who number in the millions.
“One of my ancestors, Stanislaw Rusiecki, emigrated
from Poland in 1863 for political reasons. Many refugees chose
France for exile, some chose England, but he escaped to Romania.
Stanislaw’s grandson, Ryszard Rusiecki, whose mother was Polish, was
born in Bucharest in 1900. He was my grandfather. He finished
his studies in the Academy of Economics in Varna, and could speak fluent
French, Russian and German, besides Polish and Bulgarian. After
graduation he worked as an employee of a certain German company’s representative
office and later was nominated Commercial Attaché in the newly opened
Polish Embassy in Sofia. In the 1930s my grandfather was very keen
on chess composition. He probably had earlier played some practical
chess, though he never mentioned it. Here are two of his best
works, from a total of 130:
Match Sofia - Province 1953
Mate in 2
Hope You Learned Something!!!!!
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