Benedict Arnold was born in Norwich,
Connecticut, on January 14, 1741. He married Margaret
Mansfield, but she died on June 19, 1775. Four years later
he married Peggy Shippen.
Arnold opened a druggist shop that
also sold books. He also did a lot of traveling for his
business. He was in the West Indies when he learned about
the Boston Massacre. He reacted by saying, "Are the
Americans all asleep and tamely giving up their liberties?"
He wrote that the Colonists should take "immediate
Arnold offered to turn West Point over to
the British. West Point was an important American fort, and
Arnold was the general there. John
André was a major
in the British army. John André and Benedict Arnold
exchanged letters about the plans for West Point. John
André was caught by the Americans, and they found the
documents in his sock. The documents showed that Benedict
Arnold was a traitor. Benedict Arnold escaped from the
Americans, and he was never caught. For the rest of his
life, he lived in Canada and England.
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Benedict Arnold was an
American general. At the beginning of the
Revolution, Benedict Arnold was one of the bravest.
Benedict Arnold tricked the British into thinking
that thousands and thousands of American forces
were heading to Fort Schuyler. There were really
less than a thousand were going to the fort. The
Americans entered the fort with no enemy, thanks to
Benedict Arnold's trick.
By 1779, Arnold had been
making deals with the British. He did this because
he was angry at the American Government for
court-marshalling him because they found him guilty
of using the army for his own personal reasons. He
also went to the British because he wanted more
money and he was in debt. The British gave Benedict
Arnold a lot of money to become a British spy. They
also promised to make him a British officer but
they never fully trusted him.
He died in London, England, on June
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Arnold: The Making of a Traitor
Expedition, 1781--Three Views (Letter from Benedict Arnold
to Sir Henry Clinton)