Abigail Adams was born on November 22,
1744, in Weymouth, Massachusetts. She married John Adams,
who later became the second president of the United States.
She was the mother of John Quincy Adams. He became the sixth
president of the United States. Only one other woman in
American history, Barbara Bush, is both the wife and mother
of an American President.
When she was a child, Abigail Adams
was shy. She did not go to school because back then girls
were not encouraged to go to school. Her family taught her a
lot at home. When she grew up, she thought it was unfair how
girls weren't allowed to go to school.
Adams was an important man
before the Revolution and during the Revolutionary War. He
was a member of the Continental Congress, the group that was
drafting the laws to run the United States when it became
independent. Abigail Adams wanted the new government to
protect and increase women's rights.
Abigail Adams was very concerned and
interested in what happened in the colonies. Abigail Adams
and John Adams wrote many letters to each other. They often
began, "Dearest friend." One letter that began this way was
the letter that Abigail Adams wrote to her husband about
their friend Dr.
Joseph Warren after she
learned that Dr. Warren had been killed at the Battle of
Image courtesy of Library of Congress
First Ladies of the United States
Abigail wrote to John when he
was in Philadelphia with the Continental Congress,
"I long to hear that you have declared an
independency &endash; and by the way in the new
code of laws which I suppose it will be necessary
for you to make, I desire you would remember the
ladies, and be more generous and favorable to them
than your ancestors. Do not put such unlimited
power into the hands of the husbands. Remember, men
would be tyrants if they could. If particular care
and attention is not paid to the ladies, we are
determined to foment a rebellion, and will not hold
ourselves bound by any laws in which we have no
voice, or Representation." John Adams never took
Abigail's plea seriously. The Continental Congress
did not pass any laws to "remember the ladies."
Women could not vote in the new country. They could
not vote in the United States until 1919, more than
100 years after Abigail Adams died, in
After the Revolutionary War ended,
John Adams became the country's first vice president and
then its second president. During that time, Abigail always
supported her husband in his policies.
Abigail Adams died in 1818. She was 74
For more information
about Abigail Adams, visit the site
done by the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of
Visit a site about Abigail
Adams done by a high school class.
Encyclopedia Americana has a site about Abigail
Adams as part of the American Presidency