January 30, 1933
Hitler became chancellor.
March 23, 1933
Enabling Act was passed which allowed Hitler to form a dictatorship in Germany.
April 1, 1933
Nationwide boycott of Jewish-owned businesses.
May 10, 1933
Many anti-Jews burn books written by Jewish authors.
June 30-July 1, 1933
“The Night of the Long Knives."
September 15, 1935
Reich Citizenship Law and the Law for the Protection of Blood and Honor are decreed.
July 12, 1936
Construction work begins on the Sachsenhausen concentration camp.
November 9-10, 1938
Kristallnacht (“Night of Broken Glass”).
Hitler orders all Germans “unworthy of life” to be killed.
November 12, 1939
Forced deportation of Jews begins.
November 23, 1939
All Jews are forced to wear a blue Star of David on a white armband.
June 30, 1940
First major ghetto is ordered to be sealed off.
May 20, 1940
Auschwitz is established in Poland.
November 15, 1940
Warsaw Ghetto is sealed off in Poland.
September 3, 1941
First gassing experiment at Auschwitz.
September 15, 1941
Any Jew over the age of six must wear a visible yellow Star of David in public at all times.
October 15, 1941
Deportation of Jews from the German Reich begins.
November 26, 1941
Second Auschwitz camp established.
March 17, 1942
Gas chambers at Belzec, Poland begin to operate.
March 27, 1942
Deportation of Jews from France.
Nazis act upon plans to eliminate every Jew in Poland.
May 4, 1942
Gassing begins at Auschwitz-Birkenau.
May 31, 1942
Auschwitz III (I.G. Farbon labor camp) camp is established.
July 22, 1942
SS begin selection of Jews for deportation from the Warsaw Ghetto.
July 23, 1942
Gassing begins at Treblinka.
January 18-22, 1943
SS Guards deport about 5,000 Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto to Treblinka in Poland.
April 19- May 16, 1943
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising occurs.
June 21, 1943
Heinrich Himmler orders liquidation of all ghettos in the Baltic.
August 2, 1943
Treblinka Uprising occurs.
September 15, 1943
Final deportation of Vilnius Ghetto.
March 19, 1944
Germans occupy Hungary, Jack Sittsamer's homeland.
May 15- July 9, 1944
Hungarian police deport Hungarian Jews.
October 6, 1944
Jews in Auschwitz-Birkenau revolt and blow up Crematorium IV.
November 25, 1944
The Nazis begin demolition of Auschwitz-Birkenau.
January 17, 1945
As Allies grow near, Nazis force prisoners from Auschwitz on “death marches" which are hundreds of miles long.
January 17, 1945
Soviet troops liberate the 8,000 prisoners left in Auschwitz.
April 29, 1945
U.S troops liberate Dachau.
April 30, 1945
Hitler commits suicide.
August 1, 1946
Judgment is passed on the Nuremburg Trials.
Teaching About the Holocaust. Washington: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2001.