pride of the country was also lost. They were forbidden to raise an
Army. The government grew weak and the people felt defeated.
needed someone or something to blame for the defeat.
Jews were singled out, as they seemed an easy target.
began his rise in 1919 by joining the Germans Workers’ Party. This
group talked about the state of the government, the country before WWI,
the communists that now led Russia and the Jews (the new enemy).
wanted change. He needed followers. He began by holding meetings and
giving speeches, each time gaining a larger audience. He found his power
in his speaking ability and in the messages he delivered about
Anti-Semitism. He focused on the working class, and it began to work.
People responded to him and his message.
1920 Hitler reorganized the party and named it the National Socialist
German Workers’ Party, the Nazi Party for short. With Hitler in charge
this party grew. He began to train his own kind of military and many
former army leaders began to support him. In 1923, he tried and failed to
take over the government and was sent to prison. He was sentenced to
only served nine months because he had many sympathizers. While in
prison he wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle). It was to become the Nazi
book was filled with hate for the Jewish people. He blamed them for of
all the German suffering, and declared them the natural enemy of the
Aryan race. It was Hitler’s belief that the Jews had too much money,
land and the power of the press. They had, in his opinion, bad blood and
would try to mix it with Aryans by marrying Christians, thereby turning
their children into Jews. He believed that this would lead to the
takeover of Germany by the Jews.
1930 the Nazi Party became the second largest political party in
did it get so large? In 1929 the United States economy crashed, and this
had an effect all over the world. Germanys economy after WWI was built
on loans, especially for the United States. When the U.S. economy
collapsed so did Germanys. Millions were out of work, their savings
disappeared, they had to sell their homes and inflation was incredibly
high. They felt hopeless.
saw his chance. He spoke and people began to really listen. He held his
audience captive by telling them his dreams for Germany - to rebuild the
army and prepare to fight communism. He promised jobs for everyone, and
intended to once again instill pride in the homeland and the Aryan race.
At the same time he aroused Germans to hate Jews, Communists and any
other political enemies.
1932 over 3 million Germans were out of work and more leaders looked to
Hitler for answers. They looked to the military for the promise to rebuild, the
industry/business leaders for factories to support the rebuilding and
the people for the jobs it all would bring.
military, called the brown shirts, was about a half a million strong.
They kept growing when other Anti-Semitic parties joined them. The
government needed leadership and the President of the German
called on Hitler to form a new government and to become chancellor of
would make sure that the Nazi Party would gain control in the next
election in any way he could. They would arrest any political enemies,
burn buildings and blame it on the Communists and instill fear that
Russia was trying to invade Germany. With all this turmoil Hitler called
on the President of Germany to sign an emergency decree “for the
protection of the people and the state."
emergency decree was signed in February of 1933. This gave Hitler and
his party total power. He and his party could control what was written
in the papers and said on the radio.
could open mail, read telegrams and listen to phone conversations. The
German people could not express their opinions freely for any reason.
Homes could be searched and property taken without reason.
decree made Hitler the supreme ruler, the dictator over all of Germany,
and these are the major factors that allowed Hitler to rise to power.
and as dictator he started WWII.
History. "The rise of Hitler/why did people support Hitler."
Rossel. "Holocaust and end to innocence chapter 1." at <http://www.rossel.net/holocaust01.htm>
Images of speech and map of Germany from
"Microsoft Office Design Gallery Live" <http://dgl.microsoft.com/?CAG=1>
Images free for non-profit and personal use. (December-March, 2003).
Image of Hitler and
swastika from "ArtToday.com"
Khomeini | Tony
Blair | Napoleon
Bonaparte | George
W. Bush | Jimmy
Carter | Catherine
the Great | Charlemagne
Churchill | Queen
Elizabeth | Benjamin
Franklin | Mahatma
Gandhi | Adolf
Hitler | Genghis
Kahn | Abraham
Lincoln | Nelson
Mandela | Golda
Meir | Ho
Chi Minh | Lord
Louis Mountbatten | Ronald
Reagan | Joseph
Stalin | Tiananmen
Rebel | Margaret
Thatcher | Lech
Walesa | George
Washington | Mao