The English language is another language in the Germanic subfamily belonging to the Indo-European group of languages. Throughout the world over 470 million people speak English; 60 million people in the British Isles; 228 million in Canada; 17 million in Australia; 3 million in New Zealand and other Pacific islands;and about 15 million in the Western Hemisphere.
There are several dialect areas: England, Scotland and Unites States. The two more obvious dialects in the United States are Southern English and Black English. Standard English (the King's English) slightly differs from American, Australian, Canadian, New Zealand and Indian English.
Most of the words in the English language are spelled differently from the way that they are pronounced. English, like other languages is a mixture of many languages including French, Latin and Greek. French reflects mostly on legal terms, and Greek and Latin on science. Some English words are combined to form other words. For example smoke and fog make smog.
As a surge of immigrants, knowing little English, came into the United States, we needed help on how to teach these people English. Studies showed that students who did not know English were prone to fail classes, drop out of school, not become ready for higher education or even a job. Equal Opportunity was a major concern. Schools with financial aid from the government could not discriminate against race, color, or national origin.
There are several ways that a language changes. They include the following: as a culture changes, through interaction with others cultures, new discoveries, new inventions, new ideas, making up words, lack of use of words, geographic isolation, and by people's choices.