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Farms are important to the world.
We get nearly all of the food we eat from them.
When our country began, most people were farmers.
As they learned more about agriculture, farmers began to use
science to make their crops grow faster and grow more.
Farm animals were grown so that they made more milk or gave
more meat. Old machinery
became new, time and energy-saving machines.
Today’s farmer knows a lot more about
farming than our ancestors did.
Farmers need to know about the land, crops, animals, selling
the products, managing money, and borrowing money when they need it.
There are two groups of farms:
specialized and mixed farms.
Specialized farms raise crops or animals that grow well in
their area. Farmers
would not waste their time and money planting a crop if the climate
would not let it grow well. Some
examples of crops on a specialized farm are:
Specialized livestock farms include about half of all farms in the
. Some examples of
animals on livestock farms are:
Some farms are mixed farms because they produce two or more
products. The dairy farm
we visited produced milk, calves to sell, plus corn, hay, and
soybeans that they used to feed the animals.