The Supreme Court
The Supreme Court Interprets laws for the United States to follow such as, how fast you can drive on a road, prices of products, and many other laws to solve problems.
In 1789 the Judiciary Act created the Supreme Court. The act organized the Supreme Court, the federal circuit courts and the federal district courts. The Act also established the Office for an appointment to the United States Supreme Court.
People in Washington started the work on the Supreme Court on February 2, 1790. Six justices shared the bench. One person was the Chief Justice, and the other five were associate Justices. The first branch (group) of people were the weakest and most timid of all the three government branches.
In 1801, Chief Justice John Marshall joined the Supreme Court and asserted the judicial branch's authority and rights. Before the end of his 34 years of working at the Supreme Court, he succeeded in making the Judiciary branch the strongest of the national government.
The Supreme Court appoints several clerks, a reporter of decisions, a librarian, and a Marshal to service. Usually, the Supreme Court appoints four law clerks for each Justice. The Chief Justice appoints the other Court officers, such as the Administrative Assistant, the Court Counsel, the Curator, the Director of Data Systems, and the Public Information Officer to assist him with his duties.
The library is open to members of the bar of the Court, attorneys for the different Federal departments and agencies, and the members of Congress.
The Supreme Court has a room that they try to solve probems. The room is made for the audience and members of the case. It is a room with burgundy drapes and a gold trimmed courtroom. The audience will view a 30 minute argument given by one lawyer from each side, where there will be questions being asked from the seated Justices. The Court usually hears between one to three cases each day, on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday of each week. The Courts terms usually begin the first Monday in October of each year and usually ends around the end of June.
When the questions and arguments are over, the Justices will vote. They will vote during the week of the questions and arguments. Sometimes there may be more than one round of voting because the Justices may switch sides during the process.
Each year, the Supreme Court decides about 150 cases of national importance and interest, and about three-fourths decisions are announced in published opinions.
The Supreme Court is located across the street from the U.S. Capital building in Washington, D.C.
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