EGYPTIAN HIEROGLYPHICS: 2000 B.C.E.
While cuneiform was spreading throughout Mesopotamia, a different writing system was being developed in nearby Egypt. From around 3000 B.C.E. the Egyptians used a form of beautifully stylized picture writing called hieroglyphics, otherwise known as "Writing of the Gods".
There were signs for objects, ideas and sound, including a basic alphabet of 24 signs that stood for separated letters. More than 5000 years ago Egyptian scribes were already using paper, pen and ink. We can still se their writing today in tombs and temples along the back of the Nile River.