The German air force general Goring on Aug. 2 started Eagle day as he gave the signal for the first planes to take off. Eagle Day was to lead the way for operation Sea Lion. Which was the invasion of England. There was only one thing in their way the Royal Air Force (RAF) and their Sitfires, and Hurricanes.
The Spitfire was a low-wing monoplane. It was put into service in 1936. It had a top speed of 360 miles per hour (m.p.h.); it had 8 .303-inch machine guns. It’s could go 40,000ft high. Some of the pilots were so good that they could push a V-I missile off course in midair. Later in the war in was equipped with 2 .20-millimeter canons plus 2 .50-inch machine guns or 4 .303-inch machine guns.
Goring had underestimated the R.A.F. even though they sent 1,300 bombers, 900 one engine fighters, and more than 300 two engine fighters they still did not do well. Even though the R.A.F. only 600 fighters they also had radar that they use to find were the Germans where so that they could intercept them. The Germans at first tried to blockade ports and to sink ships. This did not work that well, so then they tried to spread terror by bombing civilians. The British retaliated by bombing Berlin the capital of Germany.
After Aug. 8th the Germans sent at lest 1,500 planes to bomb England every day. They thought that their numbers would win the battle. There was one problem; the German escorts could not fly far enough so when they left the R.A.F. easily shot down the bombers that had no protection. On Sep. 15th the R.A.F. shot down 185 German planes. The R.A.F. was shooting down planes faster than the Germans could make them! In the end, you guest it the British won. In the end the Germans lost 1700 planes. The R.A.F. on the other hand lost only 900 planes. “Never have so many owed so much to so few.” Winston Churchill
Pilots Killed in the Battle of Britain
New Zealand: 14
South African: 9