- "The Mandolin
And Guitarist" is a study in curving lines, movement, and brilliant color. Picasso repeats the
colors in the same way , and for the same reason. This piece of artwork was made in
1924.It is a oil and sand painting.
| "Three Musicians."
- The Three Musicians are a Harlequin, a Pierrot, and a Monk.The Harlequin and the Pierrot
are French clowns who never speak while they perform. The Monk is a quiet religious man.
- After Cubism, the world never looked the
same again: it was one of the most influential and revolutionary movements in art. The
Spaniard Pablo Picasso and the Frenchman Georges Braque
splintered the visual world not
wantonly, but sensuously and beautifully with their new art. Provided what we could almost
call a Gods-eye view of reality: every aspect of the whole subject, seen
simultaneously in a single dimension.
- For example, they showed multiple
views of an object on the same canvas to convey more information than could be contained
in a single, limited illusionistic view.
As Kahnweiler saw it, Cubism signified the
opening up of closed form by the "re-presentation" of the form of objects and
their position in space instead of their imitation through illusionistic means; and the
analytic process of fracturing objects and space, light and shadow, and even colors
likened by Apollinaire to the way in which the surgeon dissects a cadaver.
- This type of analysis is
characteristic of Picassos work beginning in 1909, especially in the landscapes he
made on a trip to Spain that summer ("Facroty at Horta de Ebro"). Picasso merged
figures, objects, and space on a kind of grid. The palette was once again limited to
monochromatic ochres, browns, and grays. Neither Braque nor Picasso desired to move into
the realm of total abstraction in their Cubist works, although they implicitly accepted
inconsistencies such as different points of view, different axes, and different light
sources in the same picture.
- Furthermore, the inclusion of
abstract and representational elements on the same picture plane led both artists to
reexamine what two-dimensional elements, such as newspaper letter, signified. A song
title, "ma Jolie," for instance, could point to events outside the painting; it
could refer to Picassos new mistress, Eva (Marcelle Humbert). But it
could also point to compositional elements within the painting, to the function of flat
pictorial elements that play off other flat planes or curvilinear motifs.
- The inclusion of lettering also
produced the powerful suggestion that Cubist pictures could be read coming forward from
the picture plane rather than receding (in traditional perspective) into it. And the
Cubists manipulation of the picture shapetheir use of the oval, for
exampleredefined the edge of the work in a way that underlined the fact that in a
Cubist picture the canvas provides the real space.
- Picasso wanted to get as
close to reality as possible. He felt the only way to represent a real object on a flat
canvas was to create a painting that would show every side of the object. If he took each point
of view, emphasized the main geometric shapes, and spread all these points of view out of the canvas, he would
have a total picture of the object he was representing.
The image would unfold and the viewer
would be able to know everything there was to know about the subject. With this Cubist
style, objects became so broken up they were almost unrecognizable. In his later Cubist
paintings, Picasso began to combine several points of view of the object and to overlap
them. This technique expressed the idea of an object, rather than any one view
of it. It led to the development of abstract or non-representational art
later in the 20th century. Picasso was interested in all forms of art and in
1917, he began to design scenery and costumes for dance performances. Characters from the
theatre were also the subjects of many of his works.