Picasso who, along
with Braque, is credited with creating the widely influential art movement cubism
himself influenced by a number of things. First one must consider the climate of early 20th
century Europe. This was a time when many artists were turning away from conventional
painting and were striving to produce more innovative unique works.
This trend towards
innovation, was important to the beginning of cubism for two reasons:
first, unlike prior
periods in art history, new and different styles were appreciated, at least to a greater
extent, and were potentially emulated- this helped to make innovation a goal for some
second, the trend helped to produce a wide variety of movements, such as:
Fauvism in France and
Futurism in Italy.
From these movements particular elements or ideas
could be taken, or used as springboards for new ideas. Of the innovative artists at the
turn of the century, Cezanne was by far Picassos largest influence. Cezannes
influence is noticeable in many of Picassos works and his theories greatly
influenced Picassos development of cubism.