the pyramid is enclosed, along with the other pyramids and the Sphinx in the
tourist region of the Giza Plateau. In
the area as well is a museum housing the mysterious Sun Boat, discovered only in
1964, on the south side of the pyramid. The
boat is believed to have carried the body of Khufu on his last journey on this
world, before being buried in the pyramid.
It is also believed to transport him into the afterlife.
built, the pyramid was 145.75m high. Over
the years, it lost 10m off the top. It
was the tallest structure in the world until the 1800’s AD (43 centuries).
It was covered by a casing of stone to make the surface smoother.
The sloped angle of the sides was approximately 51o.
Each corner faced a major point of the compass.
The horizontal cross section was square at all levels, and each side
measured 229 m in length. Two million blocks were used, each weighing more that two
tons, enough blocks to build a wall around all of France that would be 3m high
and 1m thick. The area covered is equal to that of St Paul’s, Westminster
Abbey and St. Peter’s combined. The
entrance is on the north face, with many corridors leading every which way and
which served different purposes. The
King’s sarcophagus was made of red granite inner blocks that fit together so
well that a playing card could not fit between the cracks.