Lighthouse of Alexandria
Location: Also known as the Pharos of Alexandria, this wonder was found on the ancient island of Pharos which is located off the coast of the city itself.
Description: It towered to an elevation of 350 to 450 ft. above the city's harbor. During the day it's polished mirrors reflected sunlight far out to sea and at night it send out light by fire. It was the tallest building of it's time.
History: The Lighthouse of Alexandria was a very important. Legend says that the mirrors were also used to detect and burn enemy ships. Its sole purpose was to provide a safe passage for incoming ships. The project was conceived after the death of Alexander the Great and initiated by Ptolemy Soter around 290 BC. It was completed after his death, during the reign of his son Ptolemy Philadelphus. The Lighthouse was so famous it was even shown on Roman coins. It finally collapsed in 1326.
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