The Aswan Dam is Egypt’s most important dam. It is 500 miles south of Cairo, Egypt’s capital. It was built from 1960-1970. It creates more than half of Egypt’s power. It is 300 feet (111 meters) above the riverbed. It is also 2.3 miles (3.7 kilometers) long. It took one billion dollars to build. The Owen Falls Dam is also important to Africa. It is one of the largest hydroelectric dams in Africa.
The Aswan High Dam created Lake Nassau. It is the largest man-made lake in the world. It is 1,930 square miles (5,000 km). It stretches back about 169 miles (270 km) from the dam.