Alexander the Great was a great Greek leader. He conquered Egypt in 332 B.C. Alexander the Great founded a new capital for Egypt and called it Alexandria, after himself. With grain from his soldier’s food supplies, Alexander marked the boundaries of Alexandria. When Alexander the Great died in 323 B.C., his empire was split into three main parts: the Jewish Quarter, the Khacotis (Egyptian) and the Brucheum (Royal Greek), and was divided up among his generals. General Ptolemy took over Egypt and called himself King Ptolemy I, the beginning of ancient Egypt’s Ptolemaic Dynasty. Ptolemy is pronounced Tall-a-me.