of every rank sprang into action as they dragged ammunition out
of storerooms and manned machine-gun nests and anti-aircraft
stations. Many soldiers and sailors, armed only with pistols
and rifles, fired back futilely at their airborne attackers.
Pilots scrambled to their aircraft only to find many with unloaded
guns and not ready for takeoff or up in flames. The few airmen
who were able to take off, bravely attempted to shoot down the
attacking Japanese aircraft.