The Timur Ruby
The Timur Ruby is the second largest spinel in the world, weighing 352.50 metric carats. Its name means, "Tribute to the
World". The ruby (which was found out to be a spinel) was engraved with letters that were not translated
until the 1900s. The Timur Ruby now resides in the private collection of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth.
In 1739, the Shah of Persia invaded India to seize what was thought to be the largest ruby in the world. The East India Company took possession of the gem in 1849, and sent the gem to England. The stone sat unrecognized for 60 years with three other spinels.
Finally, in the 1900s, someone translated the engraved inscription. The longest Persian inscription reads, "This is the ruby from the twenty five thousand jewels of the King of Kings the Sultan Qiran in the year 1740 from the collection of jewels of Hindustan reached this place Isfahan". The remaining five inscriptions are the names of emperors who had it in their possession, the first being Akbar Shah Jahangir. Further, the inscription says the stone fell into the hands of Timur, the Tartar conqueror, when he captured Delhi in 1398.