The Sign of the Beaver by Elizabeth George Speare
In 1768, Matt and his dad come to the new world and build a house in what later became the state of Maine. Matt's dad has to leave to bring the rest of the family from England. His family consists of Matt, his dad, his mom, his younger sister, and a baby that has not yet been born.
Matt is worried about being left all alone but he must stay in order to protect the family's house and land. Matt keeps track of time by making notches in sticks, one for each day. Meanwhile, he must also fish and keep the corn crops growing to stay alive.
After a wasp attack, Matt's life is saved by an Indian boy, Attean, and his grandfather. In repayment of their kindness, Matt teaches Attean to read English. After each lesson, they spend the rest of the day hunting and fishing. One day Matt and Attean came across the markings of a beaver. Attean tells Matt that the markings mean that these beavers are babies, so the Indians will not hunt them. Attean tells Matt that there is a sign for every animal. Now when Matt wanders through the forest he finds many signs of different animals .
At the end of the book, Matt is unsure whether his family will ever return and is invited to go north with the Indians. Read The Sign of the Beaver to find out which choice Matt makes.