Ever since the caveman there have been inventions!
Whether it was a stick, a rock, or a digital camera,
inventions have given us an understanding of the past, the
present, and the future. Inventions have changed the way we
Do you think when Alexander Bell invented the telephone
he knew millions of teens would have their own phones? Do
you think he imagined talking on a cellular phone or using
video conferencing? Even though Thomas A. Edison invented
the phonograph and the light bulb and earned over 1,000 U.S.
patents, did he realize nuclear power was in the future?
Many inventors and inventions are not noted or
remembered. The spirit of the inventor will live forever.
That spirit consists of motivation, desire and perspiration.
Thomas Edison once quoted "Geniusis one percent inspiration
and ninety-nine percent perspiration."
A bicycle is a vehicle that has two wheels
placed one in front of the other and mounted on
some type of support frame and powered by the
person that is riding it.
The first bicycle was similar to a scooter. The
inventor, Baron Karl Von Drais built the bicycle
without pedals. The bicycle had an unusual name,
the draisenne. You could steer the draisienne by a
bar connected to the front wheel.
Twenty some years later, Kirkpatrick MacMillan
added the pedals to the draisenne. This considered
the first powered bike.
A Frenchman, Pierre Lallement was the first
person to take out a patent on a pedal bicycle in
United States in 1866.
The high-wheeler or penny-farthing bicycle
entered the scene around 1870. This bicycle was
different in style, having a huge front wheel at
least 5 feet high and a small rear wheel.
interview with a local resident about his bike
From the draisienne to the present, bicycles
have changed to be beautiful and convenient
Located in the carriage house at Arbor
The carriage dates back as far as the Bronze
age, and was used to transport goods. The Chariot
was the first passenger vehicle. The carriage was
manufactured the until automobile became popular in
1908. The United States had more than 8,000
There were many different types and styles of
carriages designed to haul materials, people and
House has excellent examples of the different
types of carriages. Carriage rides are becoming
more popular today. Even right here in Nebraska
City you can rent a carriage ride at the Lied
In the Carriage House at Arbor
Cider pressing has been in operation way before
the medieval times. The early English settlers
introduced cider to America by bringing apple seeds
for planting. Cider was a very popular drank in the
colonial times. To make cider you have to select
the proper apples for crushing. The crushing of the
apples creates a plupy mass called pomace. The
pomace is wrapped in a pressing cloth which they
call the "cheese". The cheese is place on the cider
press so the unfermented juice is pressed out. The
unfermented juice is called "must". It might take
100 pounds of apples to make 8 gallons of cider.
The must is stored to destroy the bacteria or
unwanted elements. After that yeast is added and
then the must is fermented for 2 to 6 weeks. Cider
demonstration are given on weekends during the
Living History Days at Arbor
Lodge State Park.
This phonograph is at Arbor Lodge.
A phonograph is an invention that reproduces
sound. It was invented in 1877 by Thomas Alva
Edison. Edison's invention was recorded on tinfoil
wrapped around a little round cylinder. The
cylinder rotated on an axle and was hand cranked to
record the sound.
Edison's first experiments with sound were with
a tuning fork. He worked with ideas to record and
play back on the telegraph and telephone. This
helped with the invention of the cylinder
phonograph. He also invented talking dolls and
children's pianos. Edison overcame many failures
and used his bright ideas to make the world a
This phone is at Arbor Lodge
Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in
1876. This happen because of two major factors in
Graham's life. His father and grandfather were
speech experts and his mother was deaf. By
experimenting with the way sounds of vowels and
speech were made, this helped Graham in his
discovery of the telephone. He teamed up with
Thomas Watson. Their first success was making
sounds over a haronic telegraph. Through this wire
they first heard recognizable voice sounds not
words. After the telephone became more advanced,
Alexander Graham Bell did lots for the deaf.
A typewriter is a device that prints ink letters
and figures on paper. This machine was used by
people all over the world. The product was neat and
readable. Pellegrino Turri in 1713 built the first
workable typerwriter. Typewriters have had several
different looks through the years. Hanson's device
looked like a pincushion. The earliest keyboards
were arranged alphabetically, but this didn't work
out because the typist would type to fast and jam
the keys. Christopher Latham Sholes solved this
problem by a adding the "qwerty" keyboard. This is
named so because the Q, W, E, R, T, Y, are arranged
by each other in the upper left-hand of the
keyboard. The most used letters are for apart on
the keyboard. The qwerty format is still used
today. The typewriter is being replaced by word
processors and computers.
This spinning wheel is at Arbor Lodge in
Caroline Morton's bedroom.
Spinning is the process of taking threads and
twisting them together to create flax. Spinning has
been dated back to Neolithic times. Most of the
spinning was done by a spindle. This was just a
smooth stick with a notch on one end for hanging on
to the thread and whorl (a stone or a bowl). Two
methods are used to make the wool ready for
spinning. They are carding and combing. Spinning
changed somewhat when the spinning wheel was
developed. Two type of wheels were invented. One
called the great wheel ( made in India around 500
B.C.) and the other called the Saxony Wheel
(invented in Germany). Later came the spinning
Jenny invented by James Hargreaves in 1764. The
spinning jenny could spin more that one flax at a
time. Flax is a plant with strong fibers that makes