The Occupation of Japan began when Japan surrendered to the United States
on September 2, 1945, after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Douglas
MacArthur was named Governor of Japan and coordinated the occupation and
reconstruction of Japan. During this five-year period he was the
representative of the entire Allied Powers which were made up of the United States, United Kingdom,
France, Great Britain. The Japanese viewed MacArthur as
a benevolent (well-meaning) emperor.
The main goals of the occupation government were to stop the use of
military in Japan, make the country a democracy like the United States, and
fix its economy. MacArthur was able to change the Japanese political views
without the threat of violence. During General MacArthurís 5-year term as
Military Governor, he convinced the Japanese to turn to a democracy.