In 79 A.D., the ancient volcano Vesuvius erupted. When Vesuvius erupted it rained hot ash, stones, and cinders over the ancient city of Pompeii. About 4 meters(13 feet) of ash covered the city, which remained covered for more than 1,500 years! Among the structures that were dug out from the horrible disaster was the Forum of Pompeii-a group of temples, courts, and palaces that served as the city's legislative center. Once a thriving city in Italy, Pompeii literally disappeared with the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D. After a devastating earthquake decimated the city, Vesuvius emitted poisonous gases into the atmosphere and covered Pompeii with ash and mud. The ash mixed with the rain and settled around the volcano's victims, making molds that stayed together long after the bodies had decayed. Archaeologists poured plaster into the forms, preserving the exact shapes of the bodies at the near time of death.
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