& ids ommon
This link of our
site is on communicable diseases. This site will include information
on some communicable diseases, the effects of them, and even how
to treat them. I hope you have fun learning about these illnesses
and I hope this information will come in useful to you!
disease is one that can be passed from one person or animal to
another.Most communicable diseases are caused by small life-forms.
Chances are you've had some experiences with communicable diseases
like the common flu or cold. But there are more serious cases
like the measles and rabies. Luckily these aren't as common and
have vaccines, or cures for these unwanted illnesses. But if you
think you are coming down with something it is a good idea to
take your temperature and if you suspect something, visit your
local pharmacy and see a doctor.
The invasion of
As you may know
communicable diseases can come in many forms like a virus,or a
fungus. Here is a list of communicable diseases that kids catch
regularly all around the U.S.
Throat: Symptoms- Sore or scratchy throat,
fever, swollen glands, headache, abominable pain. Nausea and vomiting
in severe cases. It is most contagious during the infection and
until 24 hours after effective treatment begins. See your doctor
Foot: Common mainly
if your in sporting events and is caused by a fungi. Can be spread
by the sweat of other athletes, ten days after exposure itch between
toes develop. Skin between toes begin to crack, thin peel and
then puss. This is caused by a fungus. See doctor for information
pox: Caused by
a virus is usually mild with children but get more severe as you
get older. There is a vaccine for it to prevent it witch you may
want to get if you haven't had it yet. Anyway chicken pox is caused
by a virus that invades the skin and throat cells. Slight fever
and rash in mouth and throat are common symptoms. But the one
that chicken pox is known for is the itching. It usually goes
away after a week the virus first struck and just bout everyone
gets it some point in their life.
Measles:Not as common with the vaccines
taken regularly but it can be pretty severe. Caused by another
virus that again invades the throat, covering of the eye, or skin.
Frequently begins with fever,runny nose, and a cough. Spots then
appear(much like the chicken pox) all over body, including mouth
and throat. By the time the infection reaches the feet your feeling
better but it's not over yet. It can also prey to the lungs and
even your brain.
Influenza: or the flu is caused by you getting
the spray of mucus from someone else who already has the flu inside
of you. Or by getting germs in your mouth by not washing your
hands. So please cover your mouth when you sneeze and try to wash
your hands regularly. It will run its course in a matter of days
so don't worry, it won't last long.
Join the Battle
Like I mentioned
earlier illnesses come in many shapes and sizes.
In this section
you'll learn about some of the things that can make you sick.
Bacteria:These tiny one-celled organisms are neither
animals or plants. They belong to a third family of life forms
known as Monera. Bacteria are all around us-in the air, soil,
water, and everything we touch. Even inside of us. Some bacteria
can cause disease, but most are not capable of making us sick.
Many bacteria in our bodies are kept from multiplying and causing
disease by our body's natural resistance. We can become resistant
to a disease after we have been exposed to the bacterium that
causes it. But when a disease causing bacterium to which our body
has not been exposed to, chances are much greater it will make
us sick. Here is a picture of bacteria.
not alive. Living organisms digest food,use oxygen,grow, and reproduce
themselves. Viruses can do none of these things on their own.
Thy are particle, shaped like balls or rods, many times smaller
than bacteria. A single virus particle consists of an inner core
of chemicals called nucleic acids surrounded by one or two protective
shells made up of protein (see 1-800 -Health*). Here is picture
of a virus
Viruses can take
one important quality of life, that of reproduction-when they
invade cells.So basically if you stop the virus from getting inside
you, you'll stop it from reproducing more viruses and eventually
making you sick.
so common illnesses
you should know about
Is an infection
of the windpipe, or trachea, and the main passegways to the lungs,
called bronchi. The infection starts with the symtoms of cold-cough,
sneezing, runny nose ,fever, sore eyes. Then a more severe cough
develops . As the person struggles to inhale inbetween coughs,
he or he mkes a wooping sound. Violent coughing sometimes causes
vomitting . A vaccination givin to babies has made whooping cough
a rare disease.
Is a transmitted
disease then travels from victim to victim by small insects such
as mosquitoes who deliver the disease right into the bloodstream.
Symtoms include perspiration, shivering, sick to the stomach,
hurt all over, high temperature, pain in head and back, and exhaustion.
Symptoms can last somewhere around three months without proper
treatment. Go to your local doctor for more info and treatment.
Lyme disease is
transmitted by the bite of a bacteria infected tick(a small blood
sucking animal) that normally infects deer( that's how it became
a deer tick. Lyme disease starts with a red dot that appears on
the body where the infected tick bite occurred. This develops
into an inch-wide blotch with a red ring around it. Then fever
develops along with headache, muscle pains, and tiredness. As
if the person had the flue. Redness and swelling of joints is
next followed by numbness and tingling in different parts of the
body,and double vision. Sense of taste may also be lost.
cure the disease but there is no shot to immunize against it.
All this caused
by a little tick.
Is a rare but
rather serious illness. Symptoms include,feverish, severe headache,
and stiff neck. Not to mention highly sensitive to light. Soon
vomiting begins, then the person become drowsy and then unconscious.
Red rash may develop. Meningitis is usually the result of the
spirea of an infection from the throat, and ear. This disease
can also cause brain damage. But that depends on where brain is
This can also
be caused by a virus.
This is an infection
of the lungs. Usually follows less serious infection like a cold.
When the organism invades the lungs, fluid fills part of the lungs,
the person develops a fever and difficulty breathing. Pneumonia
is often caused by a virus but can sometimes be caused by a bacteria.
There is a vaccine for the bacteria but none for the virus.
Is an infection
that begins in the persons throat, where the outer layer of cells
in the throat are destroyed. The throat reacts by oozing a fluid,
making it difficult for the person to breathe. Diptheria can cause
damage to the heart and other parts of the body. Because this
one dangerous disease can be prevented by vaccination it is now
Is an intestinal
infection. Symtoms include: fever, appetite loss, fatigue, stomach
pain, and constipation, followed by diarrhea and the development
of tiny red dots on the skin of the stomach and chest. Unless
treated with antibiotic, the oranisms will cause internal bleeding
and spread the infection to other parts of the body,which can
be lead to death. Prevent by only drinking purified water.
Is caused by a
bacteria-like organism that lives inside the cells of other organisms.
The organism is transmitted from rats to humans by the bite of
a small bloodsucking insect called a louse. The infected person
develops a hedache, backache, high fever,and rash. The organism
invades the blood vessels of most of the major organs of the body.
The person dies when the heart, lungs. or kidneys fail. Typhus
can be treated with antibiotics, and killing the lice controls