Geronimo, a Bedonkohe Apache leader of the Chiricahua Apache, led his people's defense of their homeland against the U.S. military after the death of Cochise.
In 1874, some 4,000 Apaches were forcibly moved by U.S authorities to a reservation at San Carlos, a barren waste land in east central Arizona.
Deprived of traditional tribal rights, short on rations and homesick, they revolted. Spurred by Geronimo, hundreds of apaches left the reservation to resume their war against the whites.
In 1882 crook was recalled to Arizona to conduct a campaign against the Apaches. Geronimo surrendered January 1884, but took flight from the San Carols reservation in May 1885, accompanied by 35 men, 8 boys and 101 women.
Crook along with scouts set out in pursuit, and 10 mouths later on March 27, 1886, Geronimo surrendered at Canon de Los Embudos in Sonora, Mexico. Near the border, however, fearing that they would be murdered once they crossed into U.S. territory, Geronimo and a small band bolted.
So Brigadier General Nelson A Miles replaced Crook on April 2. During this final campaign at least 5,000 white soldiers and 500 Indian auxiliaries were employed at various times in the capture of Geronmio's small band. Five months and 1,645 miles later, Geronimo was tracked to his camp in Mexico's Sonora mountains.
At a conference on Sept. 3, 1886 at Skeleton Canyon in Arizona, Miles induced Geronimo to surrender once again, promising him that , after an indefinite exile in Florida, he and his followers would be permitted to return to Arizona.
The promise was never kept. Geronimo and his fellow prisoners were put to hard labor, and it was May 1887 before he saw his family. Moved to Fort Sill in the Oklahoma Territory in 1894. He never saw Arizona again, but by special permission of the War Department, he was allowed to sell photographs of himself and his handiwork at expositions.
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