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art of training falcons to fight.
scarcity of food in an area.
Fast: to go for a
period of time without eating.
An economic or political system in which two or three free men vassal and his
lord enter a contract where the vassal generally performs
military service in exchange for his maintenance this was
usually provided by means of a grant of a land known as a fief.
medieval system in which people were given land and protection by the owner of
the land, or lord, and in return worked and fought for him.
Fiddle: Instrument similar to a violin.
Fief: A unit of
land held in exchange for performance of military services.
Finial: A slender
piece of stone used in decorating the
top of the merlons.
Flail: A long
stick used to beat out the kernels of grain.
A machine used to throw balls of fire into a castle under siege.
Flax: A material woven to make thread.
Foot Soldier: A
soldier who fights on foot.
Fore: The front part of a ship.
Fore building: A projecting Structure in front of the keep or donjon. Providing protection for the stairway and main entrance. A building against a keep containing the stair to the doorway, and sometimes a chapel.
Something that fortifies, defends, or strengthens especially works erected to
defend a place or position.
Strengthened against attack.
Fortress: A place to defend the people inside.
base of buildings
Fresco: A wall
painting rendered on freshly laid plaster.
Gallery: An upstairs
seating area or balcony, especially in large halls.
small latrine or toilet either built into the thickness of a wall or projected
out from it.
Soldiers stationed in a castle.
fortified entryway into a castle usually two towers built with the gate recessed
between them. The complex of towers, bridges and barriers built to protect each
entrance through a castle or a town wall.
Glacis: A bank
sloped down from a fort or castle.
Extremely thin sheets of gold applied to manuscript pages to add beauty and
Gothic: A newer
type of design or style used to make sculptures out of different types of stone.
Great Hall: The
main living room in a medieval castle. This room is also a place where the King
and his Queen have great parties and entertain their guests. The building in the
inner ward that housed the main meeting and dinning area for the castle
Great Helm: An
iron helmet that completely covers the head.
association for the common good of people who practice a certain trade.
Opening for a gun.
Habit: The uniform
of a nun or monk.
common form of medieval construction in which walls were made of a wood frame
structure filled with wattle and daub. Buildings within the castle would often
be of this form.
living quarters of a medieval castle or house.
Hawking: Same as
falconry hunting with birds of prey.
Hauberk: A coat or
shirt of chain mail.
Hedges: Strips of land that are owned by the lord.
Hemp: Material that makes up a rope.
Heraldry: The study of coats of arms and family history.
like a bucket with holes for seeing and breathing. It would cover his
whole head completely for protection.
Hide: A unit of
measurement for assessment of tax, theoretically 120 acres, although it may vary
between 60 and 240 acres. By custom it is the land that can be cultivated by one
eight ox plough in one year.
A platform built out from the castle walls. Covered wooden balconies suspended
from the tops of walls and towers, allowing defenders to climb through the
crenellations to drop missiles and fire arrows accurately on any attackers at
the base of the wall.
Holy Land: Today
this is the area of Israel, Jordan, and Syria.
High Table: A
raised table where the lord and lady of a castle ate with their honored guests.
are first strategically placed on a craggy precipice. Hadrian’s
wall has many examples.
Hue and Cry: The requirement of all members of a village to pursue a criminal with horn and voice. It is the duty of any person discovering a felony to raise the hue and cry and his neighbors are bound to assist him in pursuit and capture of the offender.
Humours: A medieval
medical term for different fluids in the body.
institution. Subdivision of a Shire. Theoretically, but hardly ever, equals one
hundred hides. Generally has its own court
which meets to handle civil an criminal law. In Danish is called a
wapentakes (weapons talking?).
Hygiene: The science
of staying in good health.
A book that is hand written and ornamented with paintings and gold
Imam: A Muslim
Inner Bailey: A
courtyard in which the kitchen granary keep and other storerooms are kept. It
is defended by a curtain wall.
A thick wall protecting the inner ward of a castle. The high wall surrounds the
Inner ward: An
open area in the middle of a castle.
Jester: A clown
that amuses the master and his guest. These people had to make people laugh with
their humorous poems, comic dances, and tales.
Jetty: The upper story of
a house that hung over the street.
skilled worker who is paid daily wages.
Joust: A contest
in which two knights on horseback and they try to knock each other off.
are people who would perform their acts when traveling from castle to castle.
Keep: Great tower
and inner Stronghold of the castle.
King Edward 1:
King of England A.D. 1272 – 1307.
Knight: A trained
soldier who promised loyalty and service to a baron.
Knight’s Fee: I
theory, a fief which provides sufficient revenue to equip and support one
knight. This is approximately twelve hides or 1,500 acres, although the terms
applies more revenue a fief can generate that its size ;it requires about thirty
marks per year to support a knight.
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