Guest Book - View
The Crusades were wars between the Christian and Muslim armies. The Christian army considered Bethlehem and Jerusalem as their most sacred shrines in Christian religion because Jesus was born and crucified in Palestine. They wanted to drive the Muslims out of the Holy Land, but the Muslims owned the land and wanted to stay there. The crusades began in 1095 and lasted for many years until one of the competing sides was defeated. The people who went to war were knights on horses, soldiers, and sometimes villagers. A noble knight usually led the crusade. One great leader was Richard the Lionheart, King of England, who led the third Crusade (1189-1192)
The founder of the Islamic religion was Muhammad, he died in 632.
The Christian religion today includes catholic, protestant, orthodox, etc.
The church was in the middle of the village. All people rich or poor got married and baptized in churches, every person in the village was buried on church ground. People who preached were told by priests or bishops, they would be rewarded by going to heaven when they died. Those who disagreed about going to church were burned at the stake as heretics. Only men ran the churches they were priests or bishops. Women were nuns, and lived in a nunnery. They were equivalent to monks. Monks lived and worked in a Monastery where they prayed, made laws, wrote books and read a part of a bible every day.
Monks copied religious books and also decorated the pages with brightly colored illustrations. Because few peasants could read the churches were decorated with sculptures from the bible. Monks were also masters of calligraphy, which was the art of beautiful writing. The handsome intertwining geometric designs of art still decorate the borders of manuscript pages in the medieval time period.
People who were sick would go to an infirmary to find help. The infirmary was located in the corner of the abbey away from the activities, it had itís own kitchen. There were two large houses in the back of the infirmary, one was the abbotís guesthouse, and another was a small inn for people in recovery.
This site is part of the ThinkQuest Jr. 2001 competition.
For more information contact them at www.thinkquest.com or click on their logo at left.