Cro-Magnon lived in the ice age around 40,000 years ago. They lived in Africa, Asia, and Europe. Cro-Magnon was the first species to have the same shaped bodies and skulls as modern humans. Their skulls had more rounded brain cases and pointed chins. Their foreheads were flat, rather than sloping. Their noses and jaws were smaller than any other previous early man and the Cro-Magnon's had smaller teeth that were more packed together. Their backs were straighter so they could stand up straight. Based on the position of the larynx, Cro-Magnon's were the first ancestors capable of clear speech which enabled them to have a more advance language. This made it possible to share information, and pass down knowledge and culture. Since the Cro-Magnon people lived during the Ice age, weather was cold and snowy. Therefore fire was very important to the Cro-Magnon. Fire was the only source for freezing cold caves to stay warm. Fire was also used for chasing game into traps when hunting large animals. Fire was also used for protection against wild animals and for cooking food. The Cro-Magnon's were known for their art work. They were the first people to discover how to paint, sculpt, carve, and use color. Their paints were made by grinding colored rocks into powders then mixing them with animal fat. Colors included shades of red, orange, brown, black, and yellow. The Cro-Magnon never died off, they just evolved into homo sapiens (modern humans).