- Nothing is known about
Lowther's birthdate or deathdate.
- His ships were "The
Delivery", "Happy Delivery", and "Revenge".
- In 1721 he signed on as the
first mate to Charles Russell on the ship "Gambia Caste", a
- There were few good times
aboard the "Gambia Caste". Many men suffered from
diseases. Hot weather and few ports of call also played big
rolls in making the crew bored and unhappy.
- Lowther was more popular
than the Captain Charles Russel of the "Gambia Caste", and
once the captain even tried to beat Lowther because of his
popularity. The crew came to Lowther's defense and dared the
captain to touch him.
- Because of that Lowther and
another crewman named Massey took Russell's ships and left him
- Later he and Massey parted
- Lowther and his pirates
killed the crew of the merchant ship "Greyhound" and then
burned the ship.
- Lowther eventually
committed suicide. His body was found with an empty gun in his
hand and a bullet in his skull.
- Mings was born in Norfolk,
- Died in 1666 when wounded
- His ships were the "Marston
Moor" and the "Centurion".
- He helped raid Santa Marta,
Venezuela in May of 1656.
- He plundered the Central
American coastline, Cumana, Puerto Caballos, and Coroin,
- The haul of treasure from
this pirating expedition was estimated to be between one and two
million United States dollars.
- He refused to give a share
of the loot to the government of his port city and was arrested
and sent back to England to be tried for his life as a pirate.
- The charges were dropped
and he returned to Jamaica onboard his ship the "Centurion"
- In 1665 he returned to
England and became vice-admiral of a squadron of English military
- In 1665 he was given the
title of knight from the King of England.
Sir Henry Morgan
- Born in
1635 in Llanrhymney, Glamorgan, Wales
- Died on
August 25, 1688
- For some
time while England and Spain were at war Morgan operated as a
privateer. Later he became a pirate.
- It is
thought that he was a part of an expedition that took Jamaica
from the Spanish and made it an English colony.
- He was the
commander of a crew of buccaneer that captured Puerto Principe and
- He also
raided the coastline of Venezuela around the Lake Maracaibo.
- Morgan was
unaware that England and Spain signed a peace treaty which ended the
privateering of the ships from both countries.
- In August
of 1670 he captured the city of Panama using thirty-six ships and two
- When most
of the crew was on leave from the ship, Morgan ran off with all
of the plunder from Panama.
Morgan did not know that a peace treaty was signed he was
arrested, charged with breaking the treaty, but the
charges were eventually dropped.
- When the
treaty between England and Spain was set aside Morgan was knighted by
King George II of England.
- Later he
was made the governor of Jamaica.
- He died of
natural causes in in Lawrencefield, Jamaica.
sailed on the ships "Great Mohammed", "Pelican",
"Dolphin", and "Charles".
- He was a
privateer at the beginning of his career.
- As a
privateer he spent his time raiding the French along the West African
- Once he was
in danger of being captured by the British and left his ship and
crew and escaped on a small boat. This boat was sunk in a storm
and North had to swim twelve miles in order to reach land.
- Nicknamed Calico Jack
because he always wore a shirt and pants made out of colorful calico
- He was an apprentice pirate
aboard John Avery's ship.
- Soon he demanded and
received his own pirate ship and became the captain.
- Would not pick a fight
unless the odds of winning were heavily in his favor.
- Failed to show the
leadership needed to be a good pirate captain.
- Met a girl named Anne Bonny
whose father was a wealthy lawyer in
- She ran away with Rackham
and lost her inheritance because of it..
- Rackham was considered to
be a coward by his crew and was often teased for it. One day he
became mad and challenged the biggest meanest pirate crewman to a
sword duel. This concerned his fiancÚ' Anne Bonny because she
knew that Rackham was not able to shoot. She challenged the same
pirate to a duel a few hours before the duel with Rackham. She
chose to fight with a cutlass and killed the pirate before he could
- Rackham was hanged for his
crimes as a pirate along with most of his crew. The only two
pirates to survive were the females, Anne Bonny and Mary Read.
- Born in
December 18, 1720
- He father disguised
her as a boy from an early age.
- She was
signed onto a Man-o-War ship at age thirteen.
- Met first
husband while fighting in a horse regiment.
- After his
death she sailed to the West Indies.
- Pirate John
Rackham captured the ship that she was working on and she joined his
ship was captured and the entire crew was hanged except for Anne Bonny
- Mary was
imprisoned with Anne Bonny where she died from a fever.
- The only
reason that Read and Bonny were not hanged with the rest of the ship's
crew was that they were pregnant.
- Many historians call him
the last of the great pirates.
- He was also called
"Pirate of Principle"
- His ship was named the
- Roberts was born in Wales
- Before he became a pirate
he was the captain of a merchant ship that was captured by the pirate
- When Howel Davis died
Roberts was elected captain of his pirate ship. That's how
Roberts became a pirate himself.
- The pirate crew elected him
to be their captain because he proved to them that he was brave and
had good sense.
- Roberts was pretty
sneaky. He often fooled the ship's crew that he wanted to
attack and didn't have to fight to capture the ship all of the
time. An example of this was when he made his pirate crew hide
below deck and calmly sailed up to the side of a Portugese ship that
was in Bahia. The ship was part of a treasure fleet.
Roberts invited the captain of this ship onboard and he came over to
meet him. Roberts told him that he was captured and told him he
wanted to know which of the ships in the fleet carried the most
treasure. The captain pointed out the ship named the Sagrada
Familia to Roberts because he wanted to live. Roberts avoided
the Portugese cannon attack from all of the ships in the fleet,
captured the Sagrada Familia, and sailed her out to sea without being
- Roberts had so many
successful captures that he felt like he could never be
captured. This was a bad mistake.
- British captain Chaloner
Ogle trapped Roberts and with a broadside attack using cannons at his
ship killed Barthelemew Roberts in 1722.
- When he died he was dressed
in his best clothes.
- He liked to look his best
by wearing rich clothing, diamond jewelry, and a feather in his hat.
Unknown time of death
Skryme was known as a man of
Began as a ship's doctor onboard one
of Sam Bellamy's pirate ship.
Because medical supplies were hard
to get a lot of the pirates with injured arms or legs lost them when
they became infected. Skryme had to cut them off to save the
Skryme became a pirate during a
rebellion in England against King George I.
To escape being punished for taking
part in this rebellion, he decided to become a pirate.
One of the meanest pirates to sail the seas.
It is thought that he was either born in Port
Royal, Jamaica, or in Bristol, England.
He became a pirate after he ran away from home and
joined the crew on a privateering ship.
Nicknamed "Blackbeard" because he always
wore a long thick black beard on his chin.
He was very tall and large.
Teach dressed like a rich man.
He sailed his pirate ships mostly in the Spanish
A tower in the capital city
of the Virgin Islands, Charlotte Amalie, still is there.
It is believed that Blackbeard used it as a lookout tower.
He had many wives. When
he got tired of one he would lure her to his treasure room and while
she looked at his wealth he would lock her in and leave her to die.
When he went into battle he
stuck lighted matches into his hat and tied some from his beard.
He did this to frighten the crew of the ships that he was attacking.
In 1717 he captured a large
French merchantman ship. He made this a powerful ship by putting
forty guns on her and named her the "Queen
He became well known for his
mean actions in battle.
Offered a pardon by King
George I when Captain Woodes Rogers came to the Bahamas to make the
offer. Some pirates accepted this offer, but not Blackbeard.
He sailed north along the
east coast of North America and sank his ship "Queen
Anne's Revenge" on purpose.
Blackbeard was given a new
ship after he made a deal to split his loot and booty with the Eden,
governor of North Carolina . The governor agreed not to try to
Blackbeard began to charge
ships a toll to pass through his area safely. If the ship would
not pay, it was sunk.
The merchant's got tired of
paying the toll and of the other mean things that Blackbeard did to
them, so they asked the lieutenant governor of Virginia, Alexander
Spotswood to help get rid of him.
Spotswood found Blackbeard
and a battle was fought. Blackbeard was sure that he could win
the battle, but Spotswood tricked him into thinking his crew was
Spotswood and Blackbeard
fought hand to hand. They both injured each other badly.
Blackbeard was shot, hit with clubs, and stabbed more than 25 times.
Blackbeard collapsed and died
because he bled to death when an artery was cut open.
Spotswood cut off
Blackbeard's head and stuck it on the bowsprit of his ship and sailed
back to his town.
The merchants treated him
like a king.
off the shore of North Carolina
- Tew was
born in Newport, Rhode Island and his family was rich.
- He had a privateering
commission to attack a French
trading post in the town of Goree off the coast of Africa.
- He went
there with another ship, but the were separated during a storm.
- Tew offered
his crew the chance to turn into pirates and go after real treasure
that they would not have to share with anyone.
- His crew
decided to become pirates and their first attack was on an Arab ship
that was carrying treasure.
- After that
Tew joined with French pirates called corsairs
and sailed off the coast of Madagascar.
- He captured
several large treasure ships and then loaded his booty onto the ship
that he captained when he was a privateer. He sailed home where
no one knew that he was a pirate and lived there for a while.
- He could
not resist being a pirate and began to sail as a pirate again.
- He sailed
back to the Red Sea to become a pirate again, but he was attacked and
- He was
killed when a gunshot ripped open his belly and his intestines spilled
out into his hands.
Thomas Tew is Shot