Cod is an island off the coast of Massachusetts. It is known for
its beautiful beaches and as a vacation spot for Presidents
of the US. The sea life in and around our area includes hermit
crabs, horseshoe crabs, blue crabs, quahogs, razor clams, sand
dollars, and jellyfish.
In the park we have
created a fishpond in which you will see some of these fish and
sea animals. Our fishpond is connected to the ocean.
crabs go from shell to shell throughout their lives. You can
find them at low tide in tidal creeks. Horseshoe
Crabs, also called king crab, have existed for millions of
years. Fossil horseshoe crabs date from five million years. ago.
Their shells resemble brown helmets. Because the spines on
their legs “chew” their food, they can only eat while moving.
Long used for bait and fertilizer, a substance in their blood has
been used for pharmaceutical research since 1964. A portion of
their blood can be extracted from them and then they can be
returned to the water. This procedure is not done in Massachusetts
however. Blue Crabs, an edible crab, are very common on Cape Cod,
on the edges of salt marshes, or on the ocean shore. The
meat of this crab is sold commercially or as "soft
crabs" just after the shell has been shed before the new
One type of shellfish that reside in the Cape Cod waters are the Quahogs, Cape Cod’s signature mollusk. Named by the American
Indians and used by them as "wampum" or money, they are
also called "little neck clams". You can try to find
them just below the sand and mud surface between low and high
tides. Many people like to harvest Quahogs during the summer, but
to do so, you must have a town fishing license from the town you
are a resident of or visiting.
Many people eat quahogs raw. Mature quahogs are best for making clam
are invertebrates that have a flat, circular outer shell.
The shell has many perforations that form a symmetrical petal-like
design. Commonly found on sandy bottoms in shallow water, they
obtain food by engulfing sand from which they extract small plants
Many kinds of jellyfish reside in the Cape’s water’s also. Not
really fish they are relatives of sea anemones and corals. They
are invertebrates, are more than 95% water. They have existed for
over 650 million years and predate even the first sharks on our
planet. Jellyfish have long tentacles with toxins inside that can
kill or stun their prey. When stung, people often develop red
welts and/or suffer allergic reactions as well. If you are stung
apply vinegar or alcohol immediately. Next make a paste of meat
tenderizer and water to the skin. The tenderizer will break down
the proteins that make up the toxins an provide some relief from
you enjoy these facts about some of Cape Cod’s sea life.