A parfleche was used by the Plains Indians to carry their possessions. It was made from a buffalo hide. The hide was cut into a large rectangular shape. Belongings were placed on the center of the hide. Next the hide was folded like and envelope and tied with rawhide straps. The parfleche was made water proof by covering it with a glue made by boiling the tails of beavers.
Some of the ancient pipes were as long as a mans arm. Many pipes were like a huge cigarette holder. Some of the pipes were made of wood and others were made of a special kind of stone. The pipes were decorated with carving. Two types of pipes were made. The peace pipe could be carried across enemy territory and would assure safe passage for the carrier. The war pipe had red feathers signifying blood and was passed around and smoked before a battle was to take place.
Directions for Making a Peace Pipe or War Pipe
Shields of hide were used by the Plains Indians. They used the thick hide from the neck of the bull buffalo. After shrinking and toughening the hide over a fire, it was trimmed and painted by a warrior. Each warrior painted on his personal magic design. The Plains Indians believed it was the design that protected the warrior, and not the shield itself.
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