The Peregrine Falcon
has slate, gray wings while the underparts are white to buff with spots
on the breast. The head is black with a white throat and a cheek
patch giving the appearance of a mustache.
Peregrines usually nest in natural structures such as rock, and trees. The have adapted to living in bridges, towers, and utility poles. Their nesting sites are high so they have a good hunting view.
The falcons eat flying animals especially small birds. The falcon has been clocked at 175 miles per hour when it is diving for its prey.
Reason for the species decline in population:
The pesticide DDT was affecting the reproductive capacity of the falcons by causing the eggs to have thinner shells. The eggs were then crushed in incubation. Rock climbers are also destroying nesting sites. West Virginia was involved in the reintroduction program which has been very successful.
The Peregrine Falcon was removed from the Endangered species list in 1999. It is still rare in WV and is monitored and protected by the Department of Natural Resources.