Okay, you hear the word
mummy and you think of King Tut or a scary
movie about a cursed, stiff-legged walking Egyptian bundle of dirty
Just for the record, there
are a lot of other types of mummies that have
been intentionally, or accidentally processed in sand, tar, mud, freeze-dried
in a cave, or sacrificed in a bog. Even the recently discovered mammoth
Siberia is considered a mummy. Not to be mistaken for a fossil or skeleton,
which have no remaining flesh, organs or muscles preserved. A mummy
a preserved old dead body. (animal or human)
Think about it, since
the beginning of time man has not wanted to die or accept
death. At the end of every life comes death . . .a fascination with
continues with the living! With a nicely preserved body, death was easier
to accept - it was just a step into the next eternal life.
|| If you want to know about Egyptian
mummies the first thing you would do is go talk to a mummy. Of
course, they canít physically speak to you, but according to James
Deem's book, How to Make A Mummy Talk, they do have a lot
to say. His easy to read book led us on this exciting adventure.
to find out about Egyptian mummies, you would have to go to Egypt.
Since we couldnít talk our parents into letting us do that, we hopped
on the web and went surfing. Once we arrived in Egypt, we contacted
Dr. Hawass. Heís the gentleman you see on all the programs about
Egyptian archeology ... he is Under Secretary of the State for the
Giza Monuments of Egypt and Director of The Pyramids. Kids, parents
and teachers, be sure to check out his children's link below. It
is an exciting way to learn more about the Egyptians.
Egyptian mummies have been widely studied
and have continued to hold our
fascination since their discovery. Egyptians were the masters of
The job of embalming and mummification was an art that took seventy
belief of reunification of the spirit with the body in the next
life was why an
estimated 70 million mummies were made in Egypt over the period
So much has been written, we add only a few things to get you to
study them more.
Not all mummies are created equal. Early
Egyptian mummies were simply placed
in the sand for burial. Later, gold and heavy bandaging replaced
the sand. Some
mummies unwrapped could drop their bandage from the top of the Empire
building and touch the sidewalk below! It could take two weeks or
more to wrap
one mummy. But even after all this fuss in later centuries Egyptian
used for such things as paper, party favors, fuel and medical cures.
A Mummy with a
When the mummy of Ramses II showed
signs of a strange skin infection. . . His doctors got him
a passport and plane ticket to Paris for tests and a cure!
Mummies don't have a weight problem?
A weight problem?
Most mummies donít have a weight problem. They weigh in around
5 lbs. (Stripped) They could have a problem if their heart
was heavy with sin when Animus weighed it against a feather.
If too heavy. . .they were fed to a monster in the underworld!
Write your name
Click the canopic
jar to write your name in hieroglyphics.
Courtesy of The
University of Pennsylvania .
British and American scientists
are working together to create the
world's first Mummy Bank. Among the rare treasures stored
there will be samples
of blood, tissue and internal organs. To make a deposit,
you'll have to visit Manchester, England.
The Rosetta Stones
Click the Rosetta Stone to
find out about the Rosetta Stone and meet
Cleveland Museums own Rosetta Stone.
She'll show you around, let you ask
a mummy questions, introduce you to shara,
and even help you find some hidden
treasures. Don't be shy, we'll introduce you.
The Rosetta Stone was one
of the most important Egyptian discoveries. Why?
This stone contains three different
languages which enabled the translation
of hieroglyphics. Just think, all this from one stone!
Valley of the Kings
The valley of the kings was
a final stop for many mummified pharaohs. Some
most famous residents include King Tut (Tutankhamun) and Ramses the
Located in upper Egypt, the Valley of the
Kings is divided into two parts - the east
valley and the west valley. The east valley is a common place to visit
if you're a tourist.
One of the reasons the small valley was
chosen for a sacred burial ground was that it
is very close to the banks of the river. Another was that it is surrounded
cliffs and easily guarded. The local lime stone is of good quality and
is the mountain El-Qurn, shaped like a pyramid, the cult symbol of the
Sun God Ra.
If you're a new kingdom mummy there are
tombs available (since grave robbers came)
from small, one-room pits to the deluxe suite with over 110 cool chambers
and dark corridors. The ancient Egyptians called this The Place of Truth.
It holds more than
60 tombs fit for a king. King Tut had already put the place on the map.
When Dr. Kent Weeks looked into an old tomb in 1995, he found something
nobody would have ever dreamed - an under ground complex built for the
50 or more sons of Ramses the II.
This tomb is called Kings Valley 5.
of the most famous mummies in the world is
King Tut. He was well preserved, and his tomb had not
been plundered by grave robbers. This guy knew how to
go out in style! It took Carter over two years to catalog
the treasures he found in King Tut's tomb. His gold casket alone is
worth over 13 million dollars. Not too many kids
I know became king at the age of nine, but Tut did. He did not live
past the age of
18 but he was married (possibly to his half-sister) and died
leaving no heirs. Much
has been written about him. Be sure to check out the sites below to
find our more
about his short life.
all this time, still there's nothing on!
Tut was not only covered in gold, jewelry was generously placed
between every layer of his bandages (including lots of earrings.
Tut loved them!) On his feet were solid gold sandals with turned
up points and each toe was encased in a solid gold tube!
Valley of the Mummies
Three years ago a very lucky donkeyís leg
down into a hole and started the largest expedition ever done in Egypt.
As a result of the donkey, at last count
105 mummies have been discovered and an additional 10,000 are expected
to be unearthed.
The tombs consist of a entrance, a
delivery room, and two burial chambers. Study of the coins and
artifacts found revealed that this find is dated from the Greek
Period (a period when Egypt was ruled by the Greeks) and the Roman
Period ( the period Egypt was ruled by the Romans). Four kinds
of mummies were found:
gilded mummies (covered with very thin layer of gold)
mummies covered with cartonage and scenes depicted such as
gods and goddesses
mummies in anthropoid coffins (coffins made of pottery with human faces)
mummies wrapped with linen.
When the Romans conquered
a city or country they made all itís citizens Roman
citizens. Thus, the mummies from the Roman Period show Roman elements
as crowns, the use of a Roman king or gods. Egyptian gods such as Anubis,
played several important roles in the mummification process, is also