The Art and Architecture
No limit may be set to art, neither
Is there any craftsman that is master of his craft?
-The Instructor of Ptahhotep
Let's take a tour of ancient Egypt's
art and architecture. Just sit back, relax, and don't dare touch that mouse! Here we
go! The first stop on the way is one of the temples.
Temples were erected by various kings in honor of a god. They were always built on the east bank of the
Nile because the sun rises in the east and travels across the sky and sets in the west.
All life was based on Atom or Rah, god of the sun.
The first temple we will visit is the temple of Edfu.
(pictured to your right.) The temple of Edfu owes it's fame to the fact that it is the
best preserved temple in all Egypt and is the second largest temple, next to Karnak. Edfu
is dedicated to Horace, the falcon.
There's also the temple of Kom Ombo. Kom Ombo
is unique in that it has an unusual ground plan unifying two adjacent temples. One is
dedicated to the crocodile-headed Sobek, god of fertility and creator of the world, and
the falcon-headed Horace, the solar war god.
Next, are the pyramids used for the pharaohs, who were
always mummified due to their importance to society. In the first pyramids, the mummy was
put in a burial chamber slightly underground.