1. Did the British think the American Revolution >was necessary?
This is very complicated because there are so many aspects to consider. I don't believe that the British would generally have ever thought revolution to be a good way to reslove anything, especially if it lead to fighting. The British were still trying to recover the losses and repay debts they had incurred while fighting the French (in the French and Indian war) and fighting another war would have been costly. The British government's attempts to impose new regulations and taxes on the American colonists also meet with opposition in Britain. The British merchants joined an appeal to the king to repeal the Stamp Act. It was pressure from the merchants, who feared the nonimportation movement's attempts to stop British imports into the colonies, who eventually persuaded the government to repeal the act. There was also some opposition from a number of British statesmen who argued the inadvisability of imposing the Stamp Act.
>2. Do you think the colonies would eventually >break away anyway?
Yes. Prior to the French and Indian War (known in Europe as the Seven Years' War) Great Britian had practised a policy of salutary neglect which meant that they did not insist on strict enforcement of laws and taxes. During this time the American colonists prospered and developed a nearly independent political and ecomomic system. Also, the British North American population was growing and changing in composition. English culture was declining, the American born and raised population was growing and there was an increasing number of new ethnic and racial groups. This increasing diversity made the American colonies more difficult for Britain to rule and I believe it was only a matter of time before the 13 colonies began to try and break away and gain their independence.
>3. What were the feelings of the British after >they lost?
This is very difficult to answer as history books (at least those that I can remember) tend to concentrate on what happened to the newly formed independent states and their people, economy and social stucture. The American Revolution certainly had a profound effect on society in general though. With the French, Spanish and Dutch joining the anti-British side, Britain were isolated and when they were evntually defeated it must have been a blow to the Brtish who were used to being victorious. I think this would have had a serious effect on national pride.
>5. Did the loss of the colonies affect the British >economy?
Yes. The war had been costly, taxation was high and the national debt was much increased.
>6. How many years did it take for them to recover from >the loss of the colonies?
Prosperity and British confidence returned under the primeministership of William Pitt (The Younger). He was an excellent financial manager and sucessfully reduced the national debt and restored the British economy. This process would have taken several years.
>7. Why didn't King George III send more troops when >they started to lose?
Perhaps because the price of the war to the British people was already too high.Taxes were increasing and the British Parliament were no longer willing to support a sustained military campaign.interview conducted through e-mail with Helen Chapman, a resident of Great Britain. Home