Sakajawea (Sacagawea) was a Shoshone
woman she served as a guide for Lewis and Clack. She was probably born
in Idaho. She was captured by members of the Hidatsa tribe and was sold
as a slave to Missouri River Mandans, who sold her to a trapper named Charbonneau.
She became one of Charbonneau's wives and gave birth to a baby boy in February
in 1805. Explorers, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, hired Charbonneau
as an interperter and guide for their trip west. Sacajawea and her son
went with them. It set out in 1805 through what is now Montana, Idaho,
Washington, and Oregon. Sakajawea was very important when the expedition
met a tribe of Shoshone led by her brother. Sakajawea was able to get her
people to trade for horses that the group needed to travel over the mountains.
Sakajawea was so important to our history that the U.S. Mint has made a coin to commemorate her contribution.
Chief Pocatello was born in the Grouse
Creek area of northwestern Utah about 1815. His mother was a courageous
Shoshone woman who had been captured by a band of Assiniboin Indians as
a young woman. She was able to escape and return to her tribe where
Chief Pocatello was born about 4 years later.
The Hukandeka Shoshone of Grouse Creek called him Tonaioza which meant "Buffalo Robe". There are many ideas about where the name "Pocatello" came from. Many writers think the name was given to him by white people and meant "he who does not go by the trail" because of his way of ambushing people.
Chief Pocatello first became a leader in 1847 of about 15 families and by 1857 was leader of a group of about 400 Shoshone indians. He wanted his people to be independent of other tribes and have land to hunt on and food to eat. He was very smart, independent and courageous. As more white men came onto his land he began to fight harder to drive them out. Because he was such an aggressive warrior he was sometimes blamed for conflicts with the white man that he was not part of. But he was involved in many attacks on white settlers.
Finally in 1863 he meant with many other indian chiefs and white leaders to sign the Treaty of Box Elder. Chief Pocatello signed it first because he was the most important indian leader. Because the indians did not have a home there continued to be many problems with the white settlers in the area including the Mormons.
In the 1870's Pocatello and his followers finally settled on the reservation around Fort Hall, Idaho. In May of 1875 Chief Pocatello and several of his followers were baptized into the Mormon Church in Salt Lake City which was a common practice among many of the indians at that time.
He continued to be involved in many conflicts with the U.S. government because of their failure to provide adequate living conditions including the Bannock war in 1877.
In 1878 the Union Pacific railroad terminus was at the southern end of the reservation at Fort Hall and was named Pocatello.
Chief Pocatello died in October 1884. He left instructions that he was to be buried in a large spring close to the Bannock Creek where he had been living. Judge Oliver and his wife---a white man who lived nearby--attended the burial. Judge Oliver described Pocatello as....."about 70 years old, about 5 feet 10 inches tall, straight as a sapling and a pretty good-looking old man. He was always pleasant and I spent many hours talking to him...."
Chief Pocatello's burial spot is somewhere under the American Falls Reservoir now.