History of Egypt
The earliest recorded Egyptian dynasty united the kingdoms of upper and Lower Egypt around 3110 B.C. Today's Egyptians are proud of the Pharaonic heritage that followed. In 525 B.C., Egypt came under Persian control. Alexander the Great's conquest in 332 B.C. brought Greek rule and culture to Egypt. As one of the first nations visited by Christian missionaries (the apostle Mark), Egypt was Christianized within three centuries and followed a Coptic patriarch. By the 8th century, Egypt had been populated with Muslims. For centuries Egypt was rule d by very successive Islamic dynasties, including the Ottoman Turks in the 16th century France's Napoleons invaded Egypt in 1798, but Egypt was still associated with the Ottoman Empire until World War I.
France and Britain vied for influence over Egypt throughout the 19th century while Viceroy Muhammad Ali successfully governed and reformed Egypt during 1805-1848. Britain made Egypt protectorate in 1941. Nasser was responsible for a number of reforms, including universal education, land reform, nationalization of major industries and banks, and Egyptian leadership of the Arab world. He governed until his death in 1970.
Kamal Ganzour became prime minister after parliamentary elections in 1995. His main priority has been the economy. The government has reduced inflation, liberalized trade restrictions, begun to privatize state companies, deregulated some industries, and implemented other reforms that have led to strong (5 %) growth
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