Welcome to the "Basics of
Architecture"! In this portion of our website we will
teach you about basic architectural terms, show you the
steps required in order to build a house, and even give
you an interactive timeline of Chicago architecture.
YOU WANT TO BUILD A HOUSE?
Here are the steps that you need to
follow if you want to build a house:
Determine Your Need for a
It is important to need a house to get
a new house because you don't want to go through all the
steps and waste your time.
Find the Land:
When you decide that you need a house,
you then need to find a good piece of land. If you have a
piece of land that you don't like, don't buy it, because
it might not be the shape that you want, or it might not
be the right place for your dream house.
Get the Realtor:
A realtor helps you find the owner if
you want to buy the land, or they help find a buyer if
you want to sell the land.
Do a Title Search:
You have to make sure that the land is
really owned by the owner. It's happened where some
people try to cheat the buyer, and sell land that isn't
The buyer and the realtor sign a
contract, and then you get a deed, and the land is
The architect is the one who designs
the house, and he or she hires other people to build the
You get a picture of the land that is
yours, and you can decide what you want your house to
The Flow Diagram:
The flow diagram allows you to get the
feeling of how the entire house will flow. For example, a
flow diagram will show you that if you go to the left in
one direction, you will be in the living room, or if you
go to the right, you will be in the kitchen.
The plans look like you've cut off the
roof of a building. You can see how each room is
The working drawings explain how the
house works and how everything fits together.
The Plot Plan:
The plot plan is the first drawing
done by the architect and it shows the builder where the
house will be located on the property lines.
The Floor Plans:
The second drawings done by the
architect show the openings, walls, corners, and the
sizes of the rooms.
The architect uses symbols to show
different materials that he is using. He also uses
abbreviations to label parts of the building.
Architects can't show the buildings at
full size so the plans have to be reduced using
The electric plan shows the
electrician where to put the wires in the
The plumbing plan shows the plumber
where the pipes in the building go.
The heating plan shows where the
furnace goes and what rooms the furnace heats.
Doors, Kitchens, and
Decide which doors, bathroom fixtures,
and kitchen appliances will go in the house. This
sometimes takes quite a while.
Specifications are written plans that
give a full explanation of the building.
The budget is how much it costs for
the house to be built.
The money you pay to the bank to be
able to own your house.
Pack up all your stuff from the old
house in boxes, put the furniture in a moving van, drive
or fly to your new house, and bring your stuff inside,
unpack, and enjoy your new house!!!!!
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