Who was the
W.W. Boyington, a great architect,
designed the Water Tower. He also designed how it would
pump water from Lake Michigan.
What is it made of?
The Water Tower is made out of
limestone. The pipes are very secure so they won't leak.
They are some of the most secure pipes in the world. They
are covered heavily with limestone, too.
How did it affect Chicago's water
Before the Water Tower, Chicago's
water was really bad. Chicago pumped its water from the
Chicago River which was also the city's sewer. Then, W.W.
Boyington designed how the Water Tower would pump cleaner
water from Lake Michigan to the city. The city would no
longer need to pump water from the Chicago
Where and when was it
The Water Tower was built in 1869 and
it is on North Michigan Ave., but it looks like it's on
Why is it important?
The Water Tower was important because
Chicago's drinking water was very bad until it (and the
Pumping Station across the street) was built to bring in
water from Lake Michigan. Now, the Water Tower is
important because it is one of a very few buildings in
this part of Chicago to make it through the Chicago Fire,
which makes it a historical landmark.