Castles were surrounded with water so enemies
couldn't get in. To get in, the
drawbridge must be set above the water. Castles were made hard to knock
down so enemy soldiers couldn't destroy it. There were dungeons where prisonors
would have to be for a long time. Castles protected the queens and kings. Seige engines
were tall enough so attackers could fire down on soldiers. Sandbags protected the
archers of the castle. The towers were set out from the castle walls to let archers get a
clear view of attackers that tried to climb the walls. If attackers built a bridge across a
moat, they could be stopped by boiling water or hot sand dropped onto them from
above. Enemy soldiers used a battering ram to break down the drawbridge.
They had bees to provide honey and herbs were used as medicines. Most castles
had their own water well and gardens for food.
DEFENDING A CASTLE
In a seige, attackers try to climb on the walls,
or smash them down with seige engines. The
soldiers used archers with bows and arrows
to keep enemies away from the walls. If the
archers failed, soldiers pushed the attackers
and ladders off of the walls. Deep moats would
stop the attackers from digging under the walls.
EXAMPLE OF A CASTLE
Did you know that you were going to be tested on castles? Well you are!!! Here you go!!!