Do you believe in life after death? The Egyptians thought that when a person died they
would live forever. Because of this belief they developed the process of mummification.
The Egyptians embalmed the bodies by removing the person's organs and brains.
They stuffed the body with spices, resin and other chemicals to keep the body from
decaying and to last forever. The body was also put into three coffins; one
of them was made of solid gold, the other two were made of wood and little strips
The body was also put in a tomb. Egyptians believed an important step to the mummification process was to put magic spells on the body to protect the mummy from harm and evil. In the mummy's tomb the Ancient Egyptians left chairs, games and other objects. Those objects and were left in the mummy's tomb for the mummy's afterlife. They believed the Ka continuously went back and fourth from our world and the after life. The ba is the dead persons twin, The ba has to keep in touch with the dead persons family and friends. They would also leave canopic jars, which contained the stomach, the lungs, liver, and the intestines.
The one who watched over all this was Anubis, the god of the mummification process. When the internal organs were removed the incisions were covered with a plate which had the protective eye of Horus. Hundreds of yards of linen were used to wrap up the mummy. They also used as much as twenty layers of bandages and shrouds.
The wooden mask used on a mummy was carved from one piece of wood then it was painted. The eyes used on the mask were made to look like real eyes, therefore, they used gold for the eyes. During the time Tutankhamen was a pharaoh they developed a mask with a nice collar of sacred lotus petals. After the mummy was embalmed and wrapped the mask was placed over the mummies head. A chest plate and a foot case were sometimes also added. These things were held in their place with bandages. Sometimes while mummies were embalmed they left the heart inside the body. During other occasions the heart was taken out and replaced with a stone scarab.
The organs of the bodies were placed into canopic jars. Each canopic jar had a protector. The one who guarded the lungs was a monkey named Hapy. The guardian of the stomach was called Duamuter and the jar was the head of a Jackal. The guardian of the liver was called Imsety and the was the head of a human. The last guardian was Qebhsenuef, he guarded the intestines and the the head of an Ibis was on the canopic jar.
One of the wishes of the Egyptian's was to live forever. The mummification process was a crucial element in obtaining that wish.
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