The third member of the string family is the Cello (or Violoncello). It is considerably larger than its brothers, with the longer and heavier strings. It stands firmly on its own peg and is held between the knees of the player. In pitch the cello is an octave below the viola. Its fingering technique is quite different – partly because the length of sting in the cello is almost twice that of the violin and partly because the instrument is held differently. The tone quality of the cello supplies richness to the orchestra. Unaccompanied, it produces a lovely singing tone. Within the family of strings, it blends beautifully with the violas and basses.
The double bass is the largest of the string family. It is taller than an average person. A tall player may stand behind it but a shorter person may have to sit on a tall stool to be able to play it properly. It tones are like a tuba only much lower and it seems to boom when it plays. It is so low that you may here it but, not very loud and it seems to growl at you. Yet having a double bass in an orchestra is important because it has this deep sound that adds harmony to the music or whatever the song is. A real person that is truly into music or anyone can probably tell that something is wrong when the basses stop playing. The most basses that can be in one orchestra is one or more but we do not have information on that.
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