History of the Roman Empire
Around 600 BC, Rome
and other towns in Latium came under rule of the Etruscans According
to legend, two brothers whose names were Romulus and Remus founded Rome
in 753 BC. in northern Italy. the Roman Republic started in 509 BC, after
the Romans threw out the Etruscans. After defeating the Etruscans and the
Gauls, Rome won three Punic Wars [264-146]. But the Roman Republic was
in decline. In 82 BC, Lucius Sulla took control and restored the republic.
After the death of Julius Caesar in 44 BC, Caesar's grandnephew Octavian,
Mark Anthony, and Marcus Lepidus formed an alliance. In 31 BC Octavian
defeated Mark Anthony and Cleopatra at the battle of Actium. Octavian ruled
as emperor of Rome. He brought peace to the Roman Empire. This period of
peace in the empire was called Pax Romana. During the reign of Nero, caught
on fire. Claudius invaded Britain in 43 AD. Trajan took Dacia [ Hungary
and Romania] in 106 AD. In 161 AD, the Roman Empire went into a decline.
Diocletian brought a temporary peace to the Roman Empire. Diocletian split
the Roman Empire in half. In 306 AD, Constantine gained control of the
Roman Empire. Constantine allowed Christians to worship freely. In 410
AD, vandals looted Rome. In 476 AD, the western empire fell. The eastern
empire fell in 1453 after the Turks captured Constantinople.
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